Mortgage Components

With a mortgage loan, your house acts as collateral in case of default. Find out more about mortgage components to consider.


To learn about each option available, scroll down or click on the specific loan below.


  • Interest Rate. The interest rate is a percentage of your loan amount that the lender charges you to borrow the money to buy your home. Factors that determine your interest rate include the current market conditions, credit score, down payment amount and the type of mortgage.
  • Discount Points. Discount points, which are optional, allow you to pay interest at the time of closing to obtain a lower interest rate on a loan. If you qualify, you can use your points to lower your interest rate, which will result in lower monthly mortgage payments. One point is equivalent to 1% of the loan amount. For example, if you are going to borrow $300,000 on your loan, one point would equal $3,000.
  • Loan Term. The loan term is the amount of time to pay off your mortgage. The loan term is determined by the mortgage option you choose. A shorter loan term usually results in a higher monthly payment, but you will pay less in interest. A longer loan term usually results in a lower monthly payment, but you will pay more interest.
  • Mortgage Payment. Payments are always composed of two elements: the principal, which is the amount of money you borrowed for the home, and the interest, which is the cost of borrowing the money.
  • Property Taxes: Property taxes are charged by the government. The lender may choose to collect a portion of these taxes in every mortgage payment. The lender will hold the tax funds in an escrow account (simply a holding account typically by a third party). The lender will use these funds to pay your property taxes once due.
  • Homeowners Insurance: The lender may choose to collect a portion of this insurance in every mortgage payment and hold it in an escrow account. The lender will use the funds to pay your homeowners insurance once it becomes due.
  • Private Mortgage Insurance: Depending on your loan program, Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) may be required when the down payment is less than 20%. The lending institution requires this insurance to protect itself in case the buyer cannot pay their mortgage. The lender holds the funds in an escrow account and pays the insurance when it becomes due.
  • Origination Charge. The origination charge is the amount we, the lending institution, charges for originating the loan. The charge includes fees, documentation preparation, underwriting costs, and other expenses.